List of Trees 31-60 Osage Orange

Maclura pomifera

Family: Moraceae

The large yellowish green fruit has a rough surface and contains a milky latex based juice that is acrid and oozes out at the slightest wounding of the surface. The fruit floats and is often seedless. The fruit can be used to deter spiders, cockroaches, boxelder bugs, cricket, and fleas. Commonly used as a windbreak which gives it the nickname “horse apple”. It was one of the primary trees used in President FDR’s Great Plains Shelter WPS project. The sharp-thorned trees became an important source of fence posts. The heavy, close-grained yellow-orangewood is dense and is prized for tool handles, treenails, fence posts, electrical insulators and Bois D’Arc (bow wood). Additionally, a yellow-orange dye extracted from the wood can be used as a substitute for fustic and aniline dyes. When dried, the wood has the highest btu content of any hardwood, and burns long and hot.